About the Author


Landis Gores (1919-1991) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. Graduating cum laude at the age of 15 from Walnut Hills High School, he attended Princeton University, where he majored in English Literature, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and graduated summa cum laude in 1939.

From Princeton Mr. Gores went on to the Harvard Graduate School of Design, graduating in 1942, and receiving the A.I.A. Gold Medal that same year. At Harvard, Mr. Gores became friendly with professor Marcel Breuer (formerly professor at the Bauhaus) and Philip Johnson, future fellow members of a group of modern architects that would later be known as the Harvard Five. Also in 1942, Mr. Gores married Pamela Whitmarsh. Together they would raise five children in southern Connecticut.

While still at Harvard, Mr. Gores became a second lieutenant in the Reserve Army Training Corp. The very day after graduation, Mr. Gores reported for active duty with the First Cavalry Division. By chance, he encountered renowned jurist Telford Taylor, a Major in Army Intelligence. Taylor suggested he apply to the Code and Cypher Service of British Military Intelligence (MI). Fluent in French and German, Mr. Gores was released to the Service and assisted in its secret effort to break the highest-level codes of the German High Command. Only in 1974 was this effort revealed to the world as Ultra. He spent eighteen months with MI at Bletchley Park, for which service he was awarded the Legion of Merit and the Order of the British Empire.

At the end of the war he was transferred to the Army Reserve with the rank of major. From 1945 to 1951, Mr. Gores worked with Philip Johnson — at first as an employee and later as an associate — on the Booth house, the Rockefeller townhouse, the Hodgson house, the sculpture garden at MOMA, and Johnson's own Glass House. Also during this period, Mr. Gores designed and built his own residence. It is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1951 Mr. Gores began his own practice. Three years later he was stricken with polio, and his personal mobility became compromised. He continued an architectural career nonetheless, designing and constructing York Research Laboratory (1958), the Irwin Pool House (1960), the Close residence (1965), Strathmore Village (1966), the Van Doren Hospital (1968), the House for All Seasons (1979), and a number of other buildings. He was made a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1973.

Mr. Gores wrote numerous articles on architectural and environmental issues for national periodicals and professional journals. He also served on the editorial board of Connecticut Architecture, and, in 1948 and 1952, as visiting lecturer and instructor of architectural design at the Pratt Institute of New York.

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